Rashtrapati Bhavan Delhi - History and Facts
Rashtrapati Bhavan is considered as the official home of the president of India, which is located in the New Delhi, India. In addition, to this Rashtrapati Bhavan is also refers to the entire 130 hectares President Estate that mainly includes high gardens, large open spaces, residences of staff and guides, offices and as well as exotic utilities within the perimeter walls.
The viceroy’s house is formerly known as the name of the main palace building. In addition, to this, it is the biggest resided in the head state in the world until the Tukey Presidental Complex gets opened on 29th October 2014. There are many questions that you have in your mind like when was Rashtrapati Bhavan built? Who lives in Rashtrapati Bhavan? Postal address of Rashtrapati Bhavan? What are the Rashtrapati Bhavan visiting hours? Who built Rashtrapati Bhavan? What is the area of Rashtrapati Bhavan? How many rooms are there in Rashtrapati Bhavan?
So, to find out all these questions, answers, let’s take a look at the overall history of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
History of Rashtrapati Bhavan
The main reason for building this beautiful residence in Delhi is done for the British Viceroy and it was actually done when New Delhi had become the capital of India instead of Kolkata. Around 4,000 acres of land get used in building the construction of the Viceroy’s house because it was officially called and as well as adjacent Secretariat building that is between 1911 to 1916 by just relocating Malcha and Racine villages that actually existed there.
Edwin Landseer Lutyens was the main British architecture to whom the responsibility of building Rashtrapati Bhawan is given. The whole Governor General’s palace gets perfectly turned as exactly mentioned in the sketches which actually Lutyens sent from Shime on 14th June 1912. The design that is provided by the Lutyens is overall good looking classical one with wide collars and details that are actually inspired by many Indian architectures.
Baker and Lutyens who had been assigned to work in the Secretariats and as well as the Viceroy's house. It actually began with some friendly terms. Baker was acting signed to work on the two secretariat buildings that were exactly in the front of the Viceroy's house. The main plan was to set the Viceroy’s house on the top of the Racine Hill with putting the secretariats at the downside. Then, after considering all the facts, it was later decided to put it 400 yards back and also put the both buildings on the plateau.
But Lutyens wanted that Viceroy's house to be at the higher level. So he forced to move it back from the actually intended position, that resulted in a big dispute with the Baker. After this gets properly completed, Lutyens also argued with Baker as the front view of the building was obscured by some high angle of the roads. Lutyens also tried a campaigner for its fixing but was not able to get it changed. Actually, Lutyens wanted a big long inclined grade that back to all the way to the Viceroy's house with some retaining walls on both sides.
Well, this will overall give the house a little further back and as well as it would also cut the square that is between the secretariat buildings. The committee that is set with the Lutyens and Baker are established in January 1914, that was to be said that the grade was not to steeper than 1 in 25 so that’s why it get changed to 1 in 22, with a steeper gradient that makes it quite more difficult to see the beautiful Viceroy’s palace.
While Lutyens exactly knew all about the gradient and upcoming possibilities with the Viceroy's palace that it will get absorbed by the road. Then, in the year 1916, the Imperial Delhi Committee directly dismissed the proposal of the Lutyens about the gradient. On 26 January 1950, Rajendra Prasad becomes the first president of India and occupied this whole building and renamed the Viceroy’s house as Rashtrapati Bhawan as mentioned in the information about the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Facts about the Rashtrapati Bhavan
The Marble Hall:
The beautiful Marble Hall has great majestic displays of some rare statues and portraits of the British royalty and Viceroys that you can see inside Rashtrapati Bhavan. But what actually stands among these all displays is the extremely lifelike statue of the current Indian President, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, that was actually created by the Asansol based artists.
The Grand Darbar:
The exotic Grand Darbar lies under the large Dome, which is a beautiful iconic feature of the Rashtrapati Bhavan and can be easily visible from a very long distance. If you will exactly follow the link that is actually running through the center of the Darbar hall, then you will easily reach the India Gate, which is located in a straight line from the Durbar hall.
Gautama Buddha Statue:
As you go in the back of the Darbar Hall then you will see a statue of Gautama Buddha that belongs to the golden age of India’s art and history. The height at which the statue is actually placed is perfectly leveled with the height of India Gate.
The Mughals Gardens:
The Mughal Gardens are considered as the most visited part of the Delhi Rashtrapati Bhavan. As you can see many beautiful gardens in Kashmir and Agra likewise Mughal Gardens Rashtrapati Bhavan also has a great variety of flowers, especially the tulips. Dahlias and as well as beautiful giant roses in wide collars that mainly includes green, iris and rare but stunning grand lilies.
Nearby locations and major tourist information about the Rashtrapati Bhavan
As earlier discussed that the Rashtrapati Bhavan is located in the center capital of India. So, that’s why there are many ways to travel and quite easy to make convenience without any lag or issue.
The first and the most effective way of transport is the roadways which are linked by almost all the road transport facilities that are available to the public by the state government and as well as by many private travel agencies who offer many attractive tour packages for giving them the experience of the whole city. There is availability of lots of buses to reach to the New Delhi, you have to travel 17.4 km to actually reach to Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Delhi is always considered as one of the top destinations whenever it comes to the travelling purpose. In addition, to this if see the railways, then there are an abundance of trains that passes through a Delhi railway station and also linked with almost every major city, a 14.9 km travel is must that you have to make to reach the Rashtrapati Bhavan from the major railway stations of Delhi.
Airways is also a good choice if you are high in the budget, but it is time saving, you have to just make a travel from the Safdarjung Delhi airport of 24.6 Km to reach to the Rashtrapati Bhavan. Delhi is considered one of the elegant destinations to travel through Airways. If you are travelling through Mumbai to Delhi then it may be 1148 Km by airways, 1347 Km of railways and 1429 Km by roadways. Airforce Museum, Bahai, temple, Buddha Jayanthi park, Birla Mandir, Dolls Museum, India gate and as well as there are many other things that you can see near the Rashtrapati Bhavan Delhi.
Coming to our last topic of staying in the city
If you are looking forward to a long trip or you may be just want to stay for a while in the city, then, there are a lot of options available for you. The first one is the IRCTC retiring rooms that are actually available by the railway department at a quite cheap rate that mainly charges you for every 12 hours.
In addition, to this, you can also easily consider the other sources that include lodging, hotels and as well as the guest house. You can also easily book the railway resting room in advance by the online networking and can enjoy the elegant experience of Rashtrapati Bhavan with your family and friends.